The pathologies we treat.

Expert care for pathologic conditions of the Macula, Retina and Vitreous.

We understand your sight is precious. At High Country Macula, we exist to 
help you preserve and restore your vision.


The Macula is susceptible to many types of pathology. Early and aggressive treatment can typically help preserve or restore vision.

Macular Degeneration

There are two types of Macular Degeneration – Wet and Dry. If it becomes Wet, early intervention can usually preserve sight.

Macular Pucker

Numerous underlying conditions lead to scar tissue on the macula. When this affects vision, the scarring can be surgically removed.

Macular Hole

A Macular Hole creates a blank space in the central “film of your camera”. Surgical repair is typically highly successful.

Image courtesy of Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.

Macular Edema (CME)

Many eye conditions lead to macular swelling. Treatments include intravitreal injections, laser photocoagulation, periocular injections, and occasionally vitrectomy surgery.


Many disease conditions involve the Retina. Our highly trained specialists can help treat damage from these potentially blinding problems.

Image courtesy of Heidelberg Engineering, Inc.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Fifty percent of patients with Diabetes for 10 years exhibit some level of eye involvement. Aggressive treatment usually preserves vision.

Retinal Vascular Occlusion

Arteriosclerosis can lead to retinal blood flow problems and impaired vision. Injections, laser, and/or surgery frequently improve vision.

Retinal Tearing and Holes

Retinal defects can allow fluid to seep under, causing a Retinal Detachment. When treated early, this problem is usually preventable.

Retinal Detachment

This potentially blinding condition requires prompt surgical intervention. Successful reattachment usually preserves or restores visual function.


Retinoschisis can usually be safely observed. With associated holes or Detachment, however, it will require laser or surgical treatment.

Retinal Masses

Moles, (Nevi) of the posterior segment are common, and infrequently convert to Melanoma. Likewise, other eye tumors are rare.


Ageing of the eye is associated with Vitreous degeneration. When this leads to problems, our Physicians are trained to help.

Vitreous Hemorrhage

Vitreous Hemorrhage can be associated with many underlying conditions. It frequently clears on its own, but sometimes necessitates surgical removal.

Vitreo-macular Traction

Incomplete vitreous separation sometimes tugs on the macula. If non-resolving, surgery (or intravitreal medicine) usually rectifies this condition.

Vitreous Floaters

Many conditions cause vitreous floaters, but they typically occur with vitreous separation. Evaluation is required, with treatment depending upon etiology.


Inflammation of the eye (Uveitis) is a potentially blinding condition. Treated aggressively, however, the condition can typically be effectively managed.

Intermediate Uveitis

Intermediate Uveitis occurs when inflammation involves only the vitreous. Causes include Pars Planitis, and numerous infectious and inflammatory etiologies.

Posterior Uveitis

This represents Chorioretinal inflammation. It is caused by numerous types of infection and inflammation, and frequently requires medical therapy.


Pan-Uveitis represents inflammation of all eye layers. It requires a full evaluation, and frequently requires medical treatment and immunosuppression.


Endophthalmitis is extremely uncommon, typically occurring after an invasive ocular procedure. It usually requires emergency antibiotic injections and sometimes surgery.


When blunt or penetrating traumas threaten your sight, our Surgeons are on call at Albuquerque hospitals to assist you.

Ocular Trauma

Eyeball trauma causes inflammation, hemorrhaging, lacerations, and retinal tearing, or detachment. Emergency evaluation is required, with treatment based upon findings.